Mythical Breaks | Know Anubis: The Enigmatic Guardian of the Underworld

Anubis in ancient Egyptian mythology, is a fascinating deity associated with funerary rites, grave protection, and guidance to the underworld. Depicted as either a canine or a man with a canine head, Anubis played diverse roles within the ancient Egyptian pantheon. In this article, we will delve into the significance of Anubis in ancient Egyptian culture, exploring his various roles and shedding light on the enigmatic nature of this deity.

Anubis the Egyptian God At The Egyptian Mythology

Anubis: The Guardian of Souls:

In the vast pantheon of ancient Egyptian deities, Anubis held a significant place as the guardian and guide to the afterlife. Known as the god of funerary rites, he played a crucial role in ensuring the safe passage of souls from the earthly realm to the realm of the dead. Anubis was often depicted as a canine or a man with the head of a canine, symbolizing his close association with the creatures that roamed the necropolises and scavenged the remains of the deceased.

The Weigher of Hearts:

One of Anubis’ most prominent and awe-inspiring roles was that of the Weigher of Hearts. According to ancient Egyptian beliefs, after death, the soul would enter the Hall of Two Truths, where the heart of the deceased would be weighed against the feather of Ma’at, the goddess of truth and justice. Anubis presided over this pivotal moment, ensuring that the scales of justice remained balanced. If the heart was found to be lighter than the feather, the soul would be granted eternal paradise. However, if the heart proved heavier, it would be devoured by the fearsome Ammit, the devourer of souls.

Protector of Graves:

Anubis also assumed the role of a guardian and protector of graves and cemeteries. His presence bestowed a sense of security upon the final resting places of the deceased. Known by epithets such as Khenty-Amentiu, meaning “foremost of the westerners,” Anubis’ association with the west bank of the Nile, where the Egyptians buried their dead, further solidified his connection to the realm of the dead. As a divine sentinel, Anubis safeguarded the tombs from desecration and provided solace to grieving families.

Anubis and Embalming:

The ancient Egyptian practice of mummification was an intricate and sacred art, ensuring the preservation of the physical body for the journey into the afterlife. Anubis played a crucial role in this process, guiding the embalmers and overseeing the rituals. As “He who is in the place of embalming,” Anubis was intimately associated with the meticulous procedures of preparing the body for eternal rest. It was said that Anubis assisted Isis in embalming her slain husband, Osiris, and thus became the patron god of embalmers.

Symbolism and Depictions:

Anubis’ distinct black color held profound symbolism in ancient Egyptian art. Black represented the fertile silt of the Nile, which brought life and regeneration. It also signified the discolored appearance of the corpse after the embalming process. Depicted as a man with the head of a jackal or as a full jackal, Anubis embodied the instinctive nature of the animal and its role in scavenging the remains of the deceased. Anubis often held a gold scale, which represented the weighing of the heart against Ma’at’s feather, a powerful symbol of judgment.

Anubis in Popular Culture:

Throughout history, Anubis has captivated the imagination of artists, writers, and creators across different cultures. However, in popular culture, Anubis has sometimes been misrepresented as a sinister deity associated with evil powers and danger. This misinterpretation fails to capture the true essence of Anubis as a compassionate guide and protector. Despite these misconceptions, Anubis remains one of the most recognizable and revered figures in ancient Egyptian mythology. Replicas of his statues and depictions continue to inspire awe, serving as a testament to the enduring legacy and cultural significance of this ancient god.


Anubis, the enigmatic guardian of the underworld, held a vital place in ancient Egyptian beliefs and rituals. As the guide to the afterlife, protector of graves, and weigher of hearts, Anubis played a pivotal role in the transition from life to death. His symbolism, depictions, and associations with other deities offer profound insights into the beliefs and cultural practices of ancient Egypt. Anubis continues to fascinate and inspire us, bridging the gap between the realms of the living and the dead. May his story serve as a reminder of the rich cultural heritage and enduring mysteries of ancient Egypt.

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